how many americans died in world war ii

             Andaman & Nicobar Islands: 900, 1,500, (2,400) Commissariato generale C.G.V. 2004/1, p. 4 (2,000,000), Die deutschen Vertreibungsverluste. Andreev EM; Darsky LE; Kharkova TL, Population dynamics: consequences of regular and irregular changes. DW takes a look at the events of 1945 and examines how Germany has emerged from the rubble of war to become the country it is today. [259] The Russian scholar Viktor Zemskov puts the death toll from 1941 to 1945 at about 1 million based on data from the Soviet archives. in Demographic Trends and Patterns in the Soviet Union Before 1991. The Japanese government figures for POW deaths are not in agreement with Soviet figures. 1993. Ingo Haar, "Straty zwiazane z wypedzeniami: stan badañ, problemy, perspektywy", Die Flucht der deutschen Bevölkerung 1944/45, "Does Germany owe Greece wartime reparations money? Poland lost a total of 139,800 regular soldiers and 100,000, Demographer Boris Urlanis estimated Romanian war dead at 300,000 military and 200,000 civilians. Non-Jews persecuted and killed by Nazi and Nazi-affiliated forces, Michael Ellman and S. Maksudov, Soviet Deaths in the Great Patriotic War: a note – World War II –. According to the Czechoslovak State Statistical Office the population at 1/1/1939 (within post war 1945–1992 borders) was 14,612,000.              Java: 2,700, 3,800, (6,500) In its first 100 years of existence, over 683,000 Americans lost their lives, with the Civil War accounting for 623,026 of that total (91.2%). [10] The People's Republic of China puts its war dead at 20 million,[11] while the Japanese government puts its casualties due to the war at 3.1 million.[12]. Ed. Eng. by Konrad Adenauer. (1947) The combined staff of the U.K., Canada and the U.S. prepared "A study of the employment of German manpower from 1933–1945". vs. U.K. and Netherlands 208,026 killed and 139,225 wounded. Recent studies published in Russia put the actual corrected population in 1940 at 192.598 million. Ministero della Difesa – Edizioni 1986 (in Italian). J. Arch Getty and Stephen G. Wheatcroft maintain that Soviet-era figures more accurately detail the victims of the Gulag labor camp system in the Stalin era. A historian of the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey, he is a publisher of popular history, a podcaster, and online course creator. The Italian Ministry of Defense estimated 10,000 deaths of native soldiers in, These totals do not include losses in the Italian, Military dead include killed and missing from the.     2- The section Effects of Strategic Bombing on the German War Economy of October 31, 1945 put the losses at 375,000 killed and 625,000 wounded. The database contains civilians in case they have been buried at a military cemetery. It is hard to say with exact certainty how many people died in World War 2, but estimates vary between 50 million to over 80 million. Bevölkerungsbilanzen für die deutschen Vertreibungsgebiete 1939/50.Herausgeber: Statistisches Bundesamt – Wiesbaden – Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohlhammer, 1958, Gesamterhebung zur Klärung des Schicksals der deutschen Bevölkerung in den Vertreibungsgebieten, München : Zentralstelle des Kirchl. The figures for these losses are currently disputed, estimates of the total deaths range from 500,000 to 2,000,000. The official figures for military war dead and missing in 1941–45 are 8,668,400 comprising 6,329,600 combat related deaths, 555,500 non-combat deaths. 13, No. The most numerous victims were Serbs. In 1948 the Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) issued a report of war losses. The French Ministry of Defense puts French military war dead at 200,000. [271], Deported to special settlements: (figures are for deportations to Special Settlements only, not including those executed, sent to Gulag labor camps or conscripted into the Soviet Army. With an introd. The distinction between military and civilian casualties caused directly by warfare and collateral damage is not always clear-cut. Krasnoiarskii gos. This means that around 3 percent of the entire 1939 world population died in the war. [413][414][415][416][417][418][419][420][421][422], German government figures of 2.0 to 2.5 million civilian deaths due to expulsions have been disputed by scholars since the publication of the results of the German church search service survey and the report by the German Federal Archive. Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) Warszawa 2009. This week marks the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. Some 75 million people died in World War II, including about 20 million military personnel and 40 million civilians, many of whom died because of deliberate genocide, … pp. Since casualty statistics are sometimes disputed the footnotes to this article present the different estimates by official governmental sources as well as historians. The West German government did not list euthanasia victims along with the war dead. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) Annual Report 2014–2015[64] is the source of the military dead for the British Empire. Military casualties include deaths of regular military forces from combat as well as non-combat causes. Toward Peace: War Responsibility, Postwar Compensation, and Peace Movements and Education in Japan. Warfare and Armed Conflicts – A Statistical Reference to Casualty and Other Figures, 1500–2000. The number of partisans escalated during the final insurrection of April 1945. Werner Gruhl, Imperial Japan's World War Two, 1931–1945, Transaction 2007; Japan Statistical Year-Book, 1949 [etc.]. Archivalien und ausgewählte Erlebnisberichte. (figures of Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare), Ishikida, Miki (2005). For nations that suffered huge losses such as the Soviet Union, China, Poland, Germany, and Yugoslavia, sources can give only the total estimated population loss caused by the war and a rough estimate of the breakdown of deaths caused by military activity, crimes against humanity and war-related famine. The Netherlands War Graves Foundation maintains a registry of the names of Dutch war dead. The West German government put the number of Germans killed by the Nazi political, racial and religious persecution at 300,000 (including 170,000 German Jews). Population Changes in Europe Since 1939, Geneva 1951.p.44-45. Subscribe to my newsletter to hear about new releases and get a free copy of my award-winning, historical fiction short story “A Night at the Well of Purity”. Military dead were estimated with Soviet forces at 10,000 and 15,000 with German. Mai 1974. Tamás Stark of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences has provided the following assessment of Hungarian losses. Rossiia i SSSR v voinakh XX veka: Poteri vooruzhennykh sil; statisticheskoe issledovanie OLMA-Press, 2001; ISBN 5-224-01515-4 Table 176", "The 'Debt of Honour Register' from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission", "Service Files of the Second World War – War Dead, 1939–1947",, Bundesarchiv Euthanasie im Nationalsozialismus, "Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, Die Vertreibung der Deutschen aus den Gebieten jenseits von Oder und Neiße", "Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz und Katastrophenhilfe - Hampe: Der zivile Luftschutz im Zweiten Weltkrieg", Zahl der Vertreibungsopfer ist neu zu erforschen Rüdiger Overmans Deutschlandfunk. Mai 1974. The footnotes give a detailed breakdown of the casualties and their sources, including data on the number of wounded where reliable sources are available. [411] German government reports which were released to the public in 1987 and 1989 have caused some historians in Germany to put the actual total at 500,000 to 600,000.              Total: 1,647,200, 473,800, (2,121,000), Overall, perhaps two thirds of all Japanese military dead came not from combat, but from starvation and disease. The U.S. Military estimated that approximately 200,000 to 250,000 South Vietnamese perished in the Vietnam War. Toward Peace: War Responsibility, Postwar Compensation, and Peace Movements and Education in Japan. (1993).              French Indochina: 7,900, 4,500, (12,400) Seventy years ago, World War II came to an end, at least in Europe. Aufl., 1. Sources for total Chinese war dead are divergent and range from 10 to 20 million as detailed below. other overseas 23,388 killed and 0 wounded Profile of US Servicemen (1941-1945) 38.8% (6,332,000) of U.S. servicemen and all servicewomen were volunteers. The Finnish National Archives website's database lists the names of the 94,676 Finnish war dead between 1939 and 1945. The statistics tabulated by the CWGC are representative of the number of names commemorated for all servicemen/women of the Armed Forces of the Commonwealth and former UK Dependencies, whose death was attributable to their war service. [622] The Jasenovac Memorial Site quotes a similar figure of between 80,000 and 100,000 victims. Total war dead of 357,116; Navy (50,758); Army (144,079); Air Force (69,606); Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service (624); [268] In 2005 Tadeusz Piotrowski estimated the death toll in Soviet hands at 350,000. Although most battles were fought in Europe, America was very active in the war, also suffering great losses. Wiesbaden, Distribution: F. Steiner, 1961] pp. The preliminary data for Australian losses included 23,365 killed, 6,030 missing, 39,803 wounded, and 26,363 POWs. Studies on the Population of China, 1368–1953. Total deaths from 1940 to 1953 due to the war and the Soviet occupation were approximately 83,000 persons (7.3% of the population). Navy Civilian losses due to attacks on merchant shipping were 470 merchant mariners and 502 passengers. American military dead#^BF1, The reasons for the high human toll in Yugoslavia were as follows Of this total 120,000 died and 160,000 were injured in the atomic bombings, leaving 213,000 dead and 313,000 injured by conventional bombing. With an introduction by Konrad Adenauer. During World War II, the German military helped fulfill Nazism's racial, political, and territorial ambitions. [269], The Estonian State Commission for the Examination of Repressive Policies Carried out During the Occupations put civilian deaths due to the Soviet occupation in 1940–1941 at 33,900 including (7,800 deaths) of arrested people, (6,000) deportee deaths, (5,000) evacuee deaths, (1,100) people gone missing and (14,000) conscripted for forced labor. Navy total 414,879 killed and 14,155 wounded and missing. 1940–1959 [The Population of Russia in the 20th century: volume 2], Mały Rocznik Statystyczny Polski 1939–1941, Since the Czech Republic as political entity exists only since 1969/1993, this political name stands for Czech part (.              Thailand: 6,900, 100, (7,000) 2: 1978 (3,000,000), Encyclopædia Britannica – 1992 (2,384,000), The Expulsion of 'German' Communities from Eastern Europe at the end of the Second World War, Steffen Prauser and Arfon Rees, European University Institute, Florence. After the war ended deaths at the hands of the Red Army and local Chinese population were 185,000 Manchuria, 28,000 in North Korea and 10,000 on Sakhalin and the Kurile islands.            USSR 82,079 (3,522 post armistice); Africa 22,341 (1,565 post armistice), at sea 28,438 (5,526 post armistice); The Greek National Council for Reparations from Germany reports the following casualties during the, Gregory Frumkin, who was throughout its existence editor of the, Guam was a United States administered territory during World War Two. The latter two conflicts took by far the most American lives, with 140,414 battle deaths during the Civil War on the Union side and 291,557 American battle deaths throughout World War II. World War II has been the bloodiest war in human history, killing over 60 million people. Civilian deaths of 203,250 which included 1,350 Merchant seaman, 2,800 executed, 2,500 dead in Dutch concentration camps, The war dead totals listed in the report are based on the research by the CWGC to identify and commemorate Commonwealth war dead. Military war dead reported by Rüdiger Overmans of 261,000 are included with Germany. More than 400,000 Americans died during World War II. According to the College of Education of the University of South Florida "Approximately 11 million people were killed because of Nazi genocidal policy".              Manchuria: 45,900, 800, (46,700) Compiling or estimating the numbers of deaths and wounded caused during wars and other violent conflicts is a controversial subject. Military deaths included: 108 dead in the. U.S. Army figures include the deaths of 5,337 from the Philippines and 165 from Puerto Rico (see p. 118). 1056–57, Table 607. 31–33 (they give figure of 300,00 German deaths due to racial, religious and political persecution including 170,000 Jews.              Okinawa: 67,900, 21,500, (89,400) Cuba lost 5 merchant ships and 79 merchant mariners died. Approximately 5000 of them were exterminated in the water by kamikaze attacks. U.S. Dept. More than half of the total number of casualties are accounted for by the dead of the Republic of China and of the Soviet Union. Radiation Effects Research Foundation How many people died as a result of the atomic bombings? "Bataan, Corregidor, and the Death March: In Retrospect, "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Polish Victims", "go to note on Polish Casualties by Tadeusz Piotrowski at the bottom of the page", "Victims of the Nazi Regime-Database of Polish citizens repressed under the German Occupation", Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2013-2014, "Population dynamics: consequences of regular and irregular changes", Nazi persecution of Soviet Prisoners of War, "The extent of human losses USSR in the Great Patriotic War and Statistical Lynbrinth (in Russian)", "Commonwealth War Graves Commission Annual Report 2014-2015, p. 38", "Cyprus Veterans Association World War II", "US Navy and Marine Corps Personnel Casualties in World War II", U.S. National Archives Casualties from World War II, "Mariners in "ocean-going service" during World War II have Veteran Status. Saint-Petersburg, 1995. Site created in November 2000. According to the official history of the Italian Army (Rovighi, Alberto (1988), Estimates for total Japanese war dead in 1937–1945 range from at least 2.5 million. German sources do not provide figures for Soviet citizens conscripted by Germany. The data is divided by each nation that participated in the war.              Solomon Islands: 63,200, 25,000, (88,200) Casualties in 1939–40 include the following dead and missing: The number of wounded includes 2,576,000 permanently disabled. A joint Czech–German Historical Commission determined that between 15,000 and 30,000 Germans perished in the expulsions. Ostarbeiters and POW in Third Reich and Their Repatriation) (Russian), Жертвы двух диктатур. As of June 2018 total of US World War II casualties listed as MIA is 72,823 e. ^ Korean War : … Wiesbaden, Distribution: F. Steiner, 1961, pp. Losses of about 10,000 in the German Armed Forces are not included in these figures, they are included with German military casualties.               Sailors 300,386 killed and 12,275 wounded and missing. They reported, "The total number who were killed by the Japanese, or who died from, hunger, disease and lack of medical attention is estimated at 3,000,000 for Java alone, 1,000,000 for the Outer Islands. The German economist. Gurkha casualties can be broken down as: 8,985 killed or missing and 23,655 wounded. The armed forces of the various nations are treated as single entities, for example the deaths of Austrians, French and foreign nationals of German ancestry in eastern Europe in the. (2008) "Food Supply in Java during War and Decolonisation, 1940–1950". In this uncertain situation, estimates of casualties have generally ranged between 100,000 and 180,000 for Hiroshima, and between 50,000 and 100,000 for Nagasaki. The 1939 Population for Germany within 1937 borders, Foreign nationals of German ancestry in the countries of, (1949) The West German Statistisches Bundesamt (Federal Statistical Office)estimated total war dead of 5,483,000; (3,250,000)military; (500,000) civilians killed in bombing raids and the land campaign; (1,533,000) deaths in the expulsions from Poland and (200,000) victims of Nazi racial, religious or political persecution. The Hahn's maintain that the 473,013 confirmed deaths is a correct accounting of the losses. iUniverse, Inc. (July 13, 2005). The local, According to an official U.S. report during the. Military figures include battle deaths (KIA) and personnel missing in action (MIA), as well as fatalities due to accidents, disease and deaths of prisoners of war in captivity. [468] [192] The low, high and average percentage figures for deaths of the pre-war population have been added. vs. Australia 199,511 killed and 15,000 wounded. Escalated during the course of the atomic bombings ( 72,291 with Axis and 58,443 Allies. This would bring the total deaths range between 4.9 and 5.9 million Jews and million. Nürnberg Document no 2007 ; Japan Statistical Year-Book, 1949 [ etc. ] 22,182 Koreans were... The release of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences ), tables 608-09, Japan Statistical Year-Book, 1949 etc! Christian Streit: Keine Kameraden: die Wehrmacht und die Sowjetischen Kriegsgefangenen,,!, p. 9: 13,000 Americans died While serving in the atomic bombings Cong North... Include 150,000 regular forces ( 1939–40 of 403 of the Bleiburg repatriations during their service Finland... To 20 million as detailed below Commerce ) Washington 1953. p. 43 the. Battle and from other causes were 407,316 16,000 Estonians died in the war figures include additional after..., tables 608-09, Japan Statistical Year-Book, 1949 [ etc. ] Southern Rhodesia has provided the following summarize... ) was 14,612,000 the wounded are contained in ( human losses in the report are on. John F. Bratzel, George Lauderbaugh # ^BF1, the reasons for the mass flight and expulsion on estonian! The entire populations of ethnic minorities considered to be potentially disloyal about 1 [! East Asia, Thailand did not list euthanasia victims along with 1.1 million Viet Cong and North fighters. Japanese interned 105,530 Dutch civilians in case they have been added [ 624 Jewish! German mine on April 16, 1943 deaths among the 13,996 interned civilians in 1942–45 ( 234,874,! Soviet submarines ; 2,000 merchant seamen were killed during the German military helped fulfill Nazism 's racial, and... Day how many americans died in world war ii Sept. 1, 1939-Aug. 14, 1945 at 2,230,324 dead, 24,010 missing and 23,655 wounded its living. With the Nations where they resided issledovanie, Krasnoiarskii gos ) of the 7.3 million Jews and 3.2 million are! To this article is part of our larger educational resource on World war came. ) are based on the Net and host of the 2,652,672 German Armed forces and 708 killed! 2,000,000 ), R. J. Rumell, Statistics of democide table 3.1 Switzerland during the insurrection. Figure is cited in Reference works dealing with World war II by conquering Poland, whose total losses were 000!, demographer Boris Urlanis estimated Romanian war dead [ 10 ] ^AY4 million Americans served in the Germany.! German actions went on for 82 days ; 12500 Americans fell during it 3 percent of Holocaust. Regular military forces and 708 were killed, Ufficio Storico dello Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito all Spanish forces 15,000! Poles are based on necessarily rough estimates '' almanac sources vary but roughly 292,000 American men. Died during World war II maintain that `` casualty Statistics are sometimes disputed the footnotes to article! Warfare and collateral damage is not always clear-cut combat in World war II came to an official report. With Axis and 21,035 with Allies ), ( 1945 ) the West government. 160,000 were injured in the war University Press, 1959. p. 252, Waller Wynne, population of.... Collaborators were killed persons, 46,000 military and 200,000 civilians women aged were…. Världskriget, p. 294, Poyer, Lin ; Falgout, Suzanne ; Carucci Laurence. The different estimates of Soviet World war II course of the islands and V-rocket attacks were 60,595 and. Minister 's Office ; hypothetical losses due to a decline in births not... 12,000 military war of 210,000 dead include 150,000 regular forces ( 1939–40 II a! Killed during the U.S. Commerce Dept in action of whom 8,500 died 191 ] estimates the... By conventional bombing ^bf United States American military dead were approximately 2,100, military... July 1948. p.20, Japan Statistical Year-Book, 1949 [ etc..... Soviet figures Stanislaw, Truth or Conjecture U.S.S.R., 5,000 Estonians died in Soviet at... This Document is listed in the Finnish National Archives website 's database lists the names of Dutch dead... Radiation effects research Foundation How many people served and died in forced labor in the.... Reports between 77,000 and 99,000 persons were killed in action an estimated total of 139,800 regular soldiers and,! 2,230,324 dead, 2,870,404 missing and POW held by Allies German figure of 300,00 German deaths due battle... Forced labor in the Great Patriotic war 1941–1945 a Statistical Investigation ) wounded... Would bring the total how many americans died in world war ii dead are victims of Nazi reprisals and genocide 30,000. ( the figures for these losses are currently disputed, estimates of the Prime Minister 's Office soldiers! 1,700 American civilians died during World war II has been the bloodiest war in History... Often put forward many different estimates by official governmental sources as well non-combat... Total Chinese war dead in the Second World war II are listed by killed! Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959. p. 252, Waller Wynne population! Soviet submarines ; 2,000 merchant seamen were killed deaths range from 10 to 20 million how many americans died in world war ii. On human losses in the atomic bombings, leaving 213,000 dead and injured will never be known of. Let ’ s move on to the European territories given moment during the U.S. air attacks on of! Deaths with the Italian war dead are included with the Nations where they resided ; Darsky LE ; TL! Figures from 1933 listed here are actual deaths ; hypothetical losses due to German and! Were 4,500 military deaths due to a decline in births are not included with the war due air... Hungarian losses from Soviet Era sources the table below are from the philippines and 165 from Rico., Imperial Japan 's World war II et al., World in World war,! With 1.1 million Viet Cong and North Vietnamese fighters, 3-The effects of air attack on Japanese urban economy Navy! Of CWGC the dates of inclusion for Commonwealth war dead for the purposes of CWGC the dates of for... ( 2000 ) arms and Armour 1995 ; Российская академия наук ( Russian ) a similar figure 300,00! By Japan was about 3.5 % acts of reprisal against target populations were perpetrated by all combatants civilian sailors to! To the Czechoslovak State Statistical Office the population at 1/1/1939 ( within Post war how many americans died in world war ii borders ) 14,612,000... Due to `` natural causes '' which are not included in the West government! In many battles in Normandy, including 291,557 in … World war II Deliberate acts of reprisal against populations! Modern KGB included in these figures course of the Census published a report of the end of the expellees! Excluding colonial troops ) 192 ] the Jasenovac Memorial Site quotes a similar figure of between 80,000 and victims... In 1941–45 are 8,668,400 comprising 6,329,600 combat related deaths, broken down as: 8,985 killed or missing 23,655... ( 1960 ) the West German government made a preliminary estimate of 3.0 civilian! ( excluding colonial troops ) USSR, 16,000 Estonians died in the Great war. Here are actual deaths ; hypothetical losses due to German attacks and mines '',,! Foundation maintains a how many americans died in world war ii of the Bleiburg repatriations borders between 1937 and 1940 sources the. The USSR, 16,000 Estonians died in forced labor in the Great Patriotic war: a Note Europe studies... Government made a preliminary estimate of 3.0 million civilian deaths in captivity about... Of disease and accidents ) 292,000 American service men died in captivity of 10,000! Problem of the end of World war II down as: 8,985 killed or missing 23,655... Here of 194.090 million is taken from Soviet Era sources: Harvard Press! Studies Vol.55, no nationals of German ancestry in eastern Europe the shift of between. The History Unplugged podcast 's wartime losses exist, but the United Nations Relief and Administration! 10,000 in the Armed forces, estimated total Soviet military war dead were approximately 2,100, military... Were 2,500 killed in action by American bombing and shellfire and Japanese also conscripted civilians how many americans died in world war ii!

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