meigs civil war

Charles Meigs received his MD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1817, and that summer he moved his family—which now included one-year-old Montgomery—to Philadelphia and established a practice there. [23], In October 1864, his son, 1st Lieutenant John Rodgers Meigs, was killed at Swift Run Gap in Virginia and was buried at a Georgetown Cemetery. It was during the Civil War that Meigs became a national hero. It was, perhaps, one of the darkest moments of the entire Civil War. Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army Montgomery C. Meigs (1816-1892) was a logistical mastermind. Died 2 Jan 1892 in Washington DC. In April 1861, together with Lieutenant David D. Porter of the Navy, they carried out the expedition, embarking under orders from the President without the knowledge of either the Secretary of the Navy or the Secretary of War. [54][55] Their children included: Role in developing Arlington National Cemetery. MEIGS COUNTY COMPANIES. A walk led east to the flower garden, and another west to the road. [15] ... Category Archives: Meigs 5th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was among the top three students in French and mathematics, and did well in history. When many of Meigs County’s soldiers marched off to war, they headed to Camp Sherman, near Chillicothe, Ohio. The Ohio History Connection maintains a monument to the Battle of Buffington Island in Meigs County. [32] In 1865, for example, Meigs decided to build a monument to Civil War dead in the center of a grove of trees west of the Lee's flower garden. A career U.S. Army officer, engineer, architect and United States Military Academy graduate who served as Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army during the U.S. Civil War and beyond. After the war, Meigs built Arlington Cemetery (on land that had been Robert E. Lee’s home). 14th Quartermaster School Commandant. [8] The A-3 was designed by Grover C. Loening, most recently the Army’s aeronautical engineer at San Diego and hired by Sturtevant. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Buffington Island took place in Meigs County. Share on Twitter; Share on Facebook; Share on Reddit DeWine, this event is cancelled due to the Covid 19 outbreak. [24] Lt. Meigs was part of a three-man patrol which ran into a three-man Confederate patrol. [United States, ?] Located just west of the intersection of what is today McClellan and Eisenhower Drives, this was originally Arlington National Cemetery's main gate. He received a commission as a second lieutenant in the 1st U.S. Brigadier General Montgomery C. Meigs. MEIGS COUNTY IN THE CONFEDERATE WAR. They operated out of sixteen major depots, which formed the basis of the system of procurement and supply throughout the war. [6] The 6th, 18th, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, and 26th Unattached Companies Massachusetts Volunteer Militia were also at the camp during the war. The complex system was closely monitored by congressmen anxious to ensure that their districts won their share of contracts. Son of Return (#29) and Elizabeth (Hamlin) Meigs. In 1870, he ordered that a "Sylvan Hall"—a series of three cruciform tree plantings, one inside the other—be planted in the "Field of the Dead" (in what is now Section 13). He sustained Sherman’s army in Georgia, and the March to the Sea. [6] Meigs had extremely good memory,[7] and his father instilled in him a sense of duty and a desire to pursue honorable causes. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, To further ensure that this did not happen, Meigs ordered the construction of a tomb for unknown Civil War dead in the rose garden in April 1866. He commanded Ulysses S. Grant’s base of supplies that made Union victories, including Gettysburg, possible. This was the only battle to occur in Ohio. Lieutenant Colonel Revolutionary War, a first settler of Ohio, Cherokee Indian Agent. The military planners supplying America's Afghan War with troops and arms probably haven't spared a thought for the Civil War career of Montgomery C. Meigs. Tags: meigs civil war army. Mexican War, 1846-1848 -- Ohio, Ohio -- History Civil War, 1861-1865 Registers, United States -- History Civil War, 1861-1865 Registers Publisher Akron : Werner Co Collection cdl; civilwardocuments; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor University of California Libraries Language English Volume 3 Although most burials initially occurred near the freedmen's cemetery in the estate's northeast corner, in mid-June 1864 Meigs ordered that burials commence immediately on the grounds of Arlington House. His favorite prewar engineering project was the Washington Aqueduct, which he supervised from 1852 to 1860. But just below the name was inscribed the name "MEIGS"—a tribute to himself which Meigs could not help making. Fort Sumter fell on the 14th of April, 1861. Marker is at the intersection of 2nd Street and Mulberry Avenue, on the left when traveling east on 2nd Street. Brigadier General René Edward De Russy was living in Arlington House at the time and opposed the burial of bodies close to his quarters, forcing new interments to occur far to the west (in what is now Section 1 of the cemetery). He attended the University of Pennsylania, and then transferred to the United States Military Academy where he graduated 5th in the class of 1836. Although most burials initially occurred near the freedmen's cemetery in the estate's northeast corner, in mid-June 1864 Meigs ordered that burials commence immediately on the grounds of Arlington House. Historians credit the achievements to Meigs. Upon the resignation of Floyd a few months later, Meigs was recalled to his work on the aqueduct at Washington.[16]. On May 14, 1861, Meigs was appointed colonel, 11th U.S. Infantry, and on the following day, promoted to brigadier general and Quartermaster General of the Army. The Civil War Unknowns Monument consists of two long, light grey granite slabs, with the shorter ends formed by sandwiching a smaller slab between the longer two. 116th Officer headquarters . But they are operating in his shadow. [9], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}42°13′50.13″N 71°8′3.00″W / 42.2305917°N 71.1341667°W / 42.2305917; -71.1341667, Former military forts, reservations, and camps in, 18th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 24th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Unattached Companies Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, List of military installations in Massachusetts, "Civil War Training Camps in Massachusetts, Part One", "Camp Meigs and the U. S. General Hospital at Readville, MA",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 23:57. Return Jonathan Meigs (#90) is the first of the Meigs by this name. Meigs, M. C. (1866) Civil War Unknowns monument, designed by Montgomery Meigs and dedicated in , at Arlington Cemetery. [27] Shortly after arriving at Seward's home, Meigs learned of the shooting of Lincoln. Meigs County Civil War Memorial on the grounds of the County Courthouse in Pomeroy, Ohio . He was born in Augusta, Georgia. In August 1864, 26 bodies were buried along the perimeter of Mrs. Lee’s rose garden within a few yards of the mansion. [31], Meigs himself designed and implemented most of the changes at the cemetery in the 15 years after the war. Ulbrich, David. . In the fall of 1860, as a result of a disagreement over procurement contracts, Meigs incurred the ill will of the Secretary of War, John B. Floyd, and was banished to Tortugas in the Gulf of Mexico to construct fortifications there and at Key West, including Fort Jefferson, Florida. "Montgomery Cunningham Meigs." The first critical period in their relationship was in the days … The quartermasters supervised their own soldiers, and cooperated closely with state officials, manufacturers and wholesalers trying to sell directly to the army; and representatives of civilian workers looking for higher pay at government factories. This Montgomery Meigs mug is part of our Civil War Series profiling participants in the War Between the States. During the first year of the Civil War, Montgomery Meigs was a important military adviser for President Lincoln when there were few experienced army officers in Washington he could talk to with confidence. An influential American journalist of the late nineteenth century, Ambrose Bierce (1842 c. 1914) was born in Meigs County and reared in Kosciusko County, Indiana. Arlington United States Virginia, 1866. Rhea County was established in 1807 and included land on the northwest side of the Tennessee River. After the war, Meigs built Arlington Cemetery (on land that had been Robert E. Lee’s home). In, Herrin, Dean A. After the Civil War, he was a member of the Commission for the Reform and Reorganization of the Army. The former camps were merged into Camp Meigs in August 1862. It involved the construction of the monumental Union Arch Bridge across Cabin John Creek, designed by Alfred Rives, which for 50 years remained the longest single-span masonry arch in the world. Included in his design was a 1,200-foot (370 m) long sculptured frieze executed by Caspar Buberl. [9] Meigs learned French, German, and Latin, and studied art, literature, and poetry. Meigs stood at the front door of the house for the rest of the deathwatch. Arlington United States Virginia, 1866. Meigs was one of the principal architects of Arlington National Cemetery; the choice of its location, on Robert E. Lee's family estate, Arlington House, was partly a gesture to humiliate Lee for siding with the Confederacy. May 1861 - February 1882. For Meigs logistics was the ability to foresee what would be required by the Union Army to fight and win the war. Meigs County Photos. The time was 1862, and the principals in this small footnote to history were Abraham Lincoln and Brevet Brigadier General Montgomery C. Meigs. The remains of 2,111 unknown soldiers, recovered from battlefields in the vicinity of Washington, were sealed in the vault. Meigs continued to push the issue and, after considerable effort, finally got his wish. By May 31, more than 2,600 burials had occurred in the cemetery, and Meigs ordered that a white picket fence be constructed around the burial grounds. "The Eclectic Engineer: Montgomery C. Meigs and His Engineering Projects." [6], Other units that trained there include the 11th, 43rd, 44th, 45th, 47th, 48th, 55th, 56th, 58th, 59th, 60th and 62nd regiments of infantry; the 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th regiments of cavalry; the 2nd regiment of heavy artillery; and the 5th, 9th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, and 16th batteries of light artillery. View all 13 items. He called on Meigs in the opening days of the Civil War to meet the emergency needs of a nation newly thrust into combat. Civil War Maj Gen Meigs Re: Painting as a Profession Back to Catalog. Commissioned into the Artillery, he held a … [1] His father was a nationally known obstetrician and professor of obstetrics at Jefferson Medical College. In April 1861, together with Lieutenant David D. Porter of the Navy, they carried out the expedition, embarking under orders from the President without the knowledge of either the Secretary of the Navy or the Secretary of War. View all 13 items. Appointed Quartermaster General in May 1861, during the Civil War, General Meigs was an efficient, hard-driving and scrupulously honest. He was the son of Dr. Charles Delucena Meigs and Mary Montgomery Meigs. Lincoln was impressed with Meigs’ abilities and accomplishments as an Army officer and engineer. Menu. — — Map (db m122825) HM The county used to be parts of Gallia and Athens Counties. 39° 1.659′ N, 82° 2.042′ W. Marker is in Pomeroy, Ohio, in Meigs County. In addition to equipping and supplying the Union Armies during the Civil War, General Meigs supervised the construction of the Washington Aqueduct and the dome and wings of the United States Capitol. The Soldiers' Home in Washington, D.C., and the Alexandria Cemetery were the primary burying grounds for war dead in the D.C. area, but by late 1863 both cemeteries were full. Sod was laid around the memorial, and planting beds filled with annual plants emplaced. Civil War Union Army Officer. [2] Young Montgomery received schooling at the Franklin Institute[1][8] (then a preparatory school for the University of Pennsylvania). In 1869, the land was obtained by the Norfolk Agricultural Association, improved upon, and ultimately became the Readville Race Track. Civil War . It was combined from the former Camp Brigham (formed to train the 18th Regiment He fought in the Union Army during the Civil War, a formative experience related in . [10] He enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania when he was only 15 years old. Captain N. J. Lillard's Company. He molded a large and somewhat diffuse department into a great tool of war. [12] Through family connections,[13] Meigs won an appointment to West Point, entering in 1832. Recently appointed to his position as the army’s Quartermaster General, Meigs had to consider the cost and feasibility of waging a war as Scott envisioned it. MEIGS COUNTY COMPANIES. Meigs's correspondence with Buberl reveals that Meigs insisted that one teamster, "must be a negro, a plantation slave, freed by war," be included in the quartermaster panel. A staunch Unionist, Meigs detested the Confederacy. The first critical period in their relationship was in the days leading up the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in April. Although Meigs had not intended to collect the remains of Confederate war dead, the inability to identify remains meant that both Union and Confederate dead were interred below the cenotaph. Find out more at the Meigs County Museum. East, Sherrod E. "Montgomery C. Meigs and the Quartermaster Department. Camp Meigs is a former American Civil War training camp that existed from 1862 to 1865 in Readville, Massachusetts. 1890 Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War Meigs County (Source: FamilySearch) Camp Scott (Source: Ohio History Central) World War I . At 10:00 pm on the evening of April 14, 1865, Meigs heard that William Seward had been attacked by a knife-wielding assailant. Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (1816-1892) - Born 3 May 1816 in Augusta, Georgia.

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