Materials Iron Cereal I am sure that you have seen breakfast cereals that claimed to be enriched with iron. You will see that some of the crumbled cereal is gearing upwards towards the magnet. What are the nutritional ingredients in a â¦ Were you able to get more by dissolving the cereal powder in water? A reddish mineral in the ground, iron is needed to make red blood cells, which carry oxygen to your body. Blend the cereal for at least one minute. (If you aren't collecting any, make sure your powder is fine enough and try running the magnet through it—otherwise, you might need a stronger magnet.) Fact Checked. the better.). But yes, when a product says "iron fortified," that often means they put iron filings into it. If you are not sure how much iron your cereal has, check the label to see. Do you see a difference? • Try passing the magnet over the flakes. Observations and results Even though iron only makes up less than 5 percent of the mass on Earth, it is found in a lot of places: rocks, cerealâand even in your â¦ © 2021 Scientific American, a Division of Springer Nature America, Inc. Support our award-winning coverage of advances in science & technology. Iron in Cereal continued 2 21 linn Sientifi In ll its esere Disposal The water and milk may be rinsed down the drain. Nearly all people, irrespective of age and gender, start their day â¦ Is the magnet picking up any black particles? Discover world-changing science. • Extra: try this activity with different types of cereals and see whether you collect more or less iron. Now letâs see if we can separate the iron from the cereal using magnets. That may seem like a good thing, if it wards off iron deficiency and anaemia. And it's so important for our bodies to have enough iron that some food makers put a dash of it in other food products—such as fortified breakfast cereal. • Bowl and spoon (or mortar and pestle) "A Dash of Nutrition" from Scientific American Pour at least one cup of cereal into a blender. A large, sealable transparent food bag (a zip-lock style bag is ideal) 4. Aidan has been studying the nutrients our bodies need in his science book â Exploring Creation with Human Anatomy and Physiology from Apologia. Iron-rich Breakfast Cereals. A variety of foods, including whole grains, contain iron 1. Variation of Demonstration Fill a 1-L beaker about one-third full of crushed cereal. Enjoy! Record the mass in milligrams (mg) in a data table. No, because it doesn't contain enough iron for the magnetism to overpower gravity pulling the weight of all that cereal down. They both have some of the same materials in them. Pour out the water and cereal mixture, being careful not to lose any magnets down the drain. Have you ever read the ingredients list on a box of cereal and wondered why iron is in there? • Run the magnet closely over the top of the cereal powder. Like many metals, iron is magnetic, so if you have a strong enough magnet, you will be able to pick it up. Background Check the nutrition facts label to see how much iron each serving actually contains (keep in mind that this tabletop project might not be able to get all of the iron out of the cereal). • Examine the magnet's surface—were you able to collect more iron? But when you crush the cereal down, it helps to free up the iron particles, so they can be picked up by the magnet (dissolving the other parts of the cereal frees up the iron even more). Rare earth magnet (these are extremely strong magnets, usually made from neodymium) 3. Different iron compounds are used in different products and the particles may be different sizes, all of which affects how "biologically available" the stuff is. Share your iron extraction observations and results! • Water (optional). These are tiny shavings of iron. How nutritious is your cereal? 1 One contained nearly 200 â¦ The Magic School Bus Inside the Earth by Joanna Cole, ages 4–8 I would suggest keeping count of your intake per day to make sure you are not going over your goal iron intake. More to explore One of these minerals is iron. You can get the iron your body needs by eating a healthy, well-balanced diet. A rolling pin and clean surface • Sewing needle Introduction • Scissors or sharp knife (to cut the cork) What happened when you ran the magnet over the whole cereal flakes? Internet Explorer is no longer supported. You may have thought that the manufacturer added some extract from spinach or liver, but the actual ingredient may surprise you. God designed our bodies to absorb and use iron in amazing ways! You cannot digest iron metal, well you could but the chlorine gas would kill you. Iron is a mineral that our bodies need to survive and grow, although too much iron can be harmful. There are no metallic iron pieces in the cereal. Preparation If an infant is receiving only iron-fortified infant formula (during the time before complementary foods are given), then additional iron supplementation is not necessary. It might seem strange to compare a bowl of cornflakes to a pile of dirt. Take a handful of iron fortified cereal in your hand and crush it well. Iron, an essential mineral in your diet, helps carry oxygen from your lungs to various cells throughout your body. Try downloading another browser like Chrome or Firefox. In fact, cereal products make up a whopping 45 per cent of our average daily iron intake. Try this simple experiment and see for yourself! How much iron were you able to extract from your cereal? If you want to perform a careful experiment to measure the actual amounts Are you age 13 or older? You can perform an experiment to see iron in your food.2 You will need an adult to help. Even though iron only makes up less than 5 percent of the mass on Earth, it is found in a lot of places: rocks, cereal—and even in your blood! I belive the compound is iron sulfate which is a â¦ But we are going to find a way to remove—or "extract"—the iron from that cereal and pick it up with a magnet. Kids Mode hides stuff thatâs just for parents and adds some fun. • Round cork from a bottle • How much iron did you get out of the cereal? As it is in Earth's rocks and soil, the iron in your breakfast cereal is attached to the other substances around it. "Recycling Could Replace Mining for U.S. Iron Supply" from Scientific American • Carefully seal the bag and gently swish the liquid around until the cereal powder has dissolved. Sources of non-heme iron include: Iron-fortified infant cereals; Tofu; Beans and lentils; Dark green leafy vegetables If you have ever seen rocks or dirt that have a red or orange tint to them, they most likely contain iron; iron tends to rust when it is exposed to oxygen, causing that rusty red color on old metal objects—or rocks! Those are bits of iron! Iron also helps the liver to get rid of unwanted toxins from our bodies. I dont know if you will find any cereals with 0 iron but I found a few that are lower. • Pour out one serving of iron-fortified dry cereal into the bowl (or the mortar if you have one). Get with the program. Add enough water to completely cover the cereal. Iron in My Cereal? Next you will need to divide the weight of the iron in milligrams by the weight of the cereal in grams so that your measurement of iron will be in MG of iron PER GRAM of cereal (mg/g). An iron-fortified breakfast cereal (make sure itâs light in colour so you can see the iron â we used a crisped rice cereal and a multigrain cereal) 2. Explore our digital archive back to 1845, including articles by more than 150 Nobel Prize winners. Keep crushing it until it becomes a fine powder (the finer you can get it, the easier it will be to separate out the iron particles). Up to this point, everything weâve seen is good evidence that there is iron in the cereal, but we have not seen the actual iron. Iron helps the body produce red blood cells. Our bodies can't produce iron, but it's naturally present in many foods, including meats (beef, pork, turkey), produce (raisins, spinach, prunes) and nuts (walnuts, cashews, peanuts). Find Magnetic North with a Homemade Compass, What you'll need The Mystery of the Periodic Table by Benjamin Wiker, ages 9–12, Up next… Most breakfast cereals are fortified with vitamins and minerals including the ever-popular iron. Hot Dog Ingredients Explained, The Puzzle of Pancreatic Cancer: How Steve Jobs Did Not Beat the Oddsbut Nobel Winner Ralph Steinman Did. • Fill the bag halfway full of water (warm water works well). Get full nutrition facts for Special K Original Cereal, Cereal and plan your meals using our online calorie counter and nutrition facts finder. Read on for observations, results and more resources. • Water. It is important for good health. It is found in a part of our blood called hemoglobin, which helps our blood to carry oxygen molecules from our lungs to the rest of our bodies. However, the "reduced iron" they add is in the form of IRON FILINGS! • Magnet Impress young scientists with this simple experiment to extract the iron (yes, real iron filings) out of a fortified breakfast cereal such as Total! Procedure A cup of enriched oatmeal has almost 14 milligrams of iron or almost 80 percent of the daily value that is recommended. Are they pulled up by the magnet? A diet lacking in iron can cause tiredness and can reduce the bodyâs resistance to diseases. (Of course it wouldn't be healthy to eat iron on its own, so stick to getting your daily dose via food and vitamins.). Breakfast cereals that have 25 percent of the daily value offer 4.5 milligrams of iron in a serving. Cover the cereal with hot water and let it soak for five minutes. Dr. Paul Whittaker and colleagues from the FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition in Washington, DC compared nutrition information from the labels of 26 ready-to-eat cereals and three hot cereals with the actual amounts of iron and folate the cereals contained, as determined by chemical analysis. 77 Fairly Safe Science Activities for Illustrating Bible Lessons, Bowl of cereal (such as General Mills Total cereal), Powerful magnet (cheap âsuper magnetsâ made of the metal neodymium), Joe Francis, âExperimentâIron: Toxin on the Table,â. What happened when you passed the magnet over the crushed cereal powder? Are Zombie Bees Infiltrating Your Neighborhood. We have seen it attracted to and moved towards a magnet, but the iron remained embedded within the tiny particles of cereal. At about 6 months of age, an infantâs iron needs can be met through the introduction of iron-rich foods, iron-fortified cereals, or iron supplement drops. If hot cereal is more your style, youâll wind up â¦ • Carefully pour the powder onto the white piece of paper in a thin layer. What does your breakfast cereal have in common with Earth's crust? You will find enriched cereals that contain from 3.6 milligrams of iron in each serving up to 18 milligrams. Look for black fuzz Let the cereal stand until it gets soggy. As it happens, thereâs not a ton of oversight in the fortification process. âfortifiedâ with extra iron and one that is not. Results, which were published in the June 2001 issue of âJournal of the American College of Nutrition,â found that of 29 fortified cereal studied, 21 contained 120 percent or more of the stated iron amounts and eight contained 150 percent of the dose listed. The first demonstration shows how a few flakes of cereal floating on water can be attracted by magnets and the second shows a quick way in which you can actually separate the iron from the food. Not something Iâd personally panic over. Iron also plays an important role in our bodies. Pour blended cereal onto a plate or glass bowl. of iron and do a comparison, visit www.sciencebuddies.org and search for âMag-nificent Gently rinse the magnet and wipe it on a paper towel. Periodic table of elements interactive table from Los Alamos National Laboratory The soggy cereal should be placed in the trash. But science can help us find one of the most common elements on Earth in your cereal: iron. Throw away any dry cereal powder and the iron particles. Place it on a plate and hold a super strong magnet over it. Subscribers get more award-winning coverage of advances in science & technology. Not only are the mg listed but there is a chart to figure percentage which is on the back of the nutrient chart of packages. Does a bowl of cereal really contain visible amounts of iron? Breakfast Cereal.â, [Editorâs Note: Adapted from an article by Joe Francis, âExperimentâIron: Toxin on the Table,â Answers, AprilâJune 2013.]. It â¦ Optional: Try different kinds of cereal, including one that is heavily Like maybe it should say, "iron fortified and WE MEAN IT"? • Crush the cereal with the back of a spoon, pestle or other firm kitchen utensil. Iron helps our bodies perform several important tasks, so some food companies fortify certain foods with it. Hope this helps. As you sit down with your breakfast cereal to get ready for school or work, check out the box. Why not? Wheat â 3,6mg/100 (45%DV) It is one of the worldâs most frequently eaten cereal grains. It's also the most frequently used metal on the planet; it makes up most of steel, which is a mixture of iron and other ingredients. From National Science Education Standards: Properties of Earth materials. Iron is a necessary mineral as it is [â¦] Non-heme iron can be found in plants and iron-fortified alert icon products. • Gently insert the magnet into the bag (if your magnet has a handle, carefully move it around without spilling the liquid; if your magnet does not have a handle, you can drop it in the bag and reseal it). Be patient. The magnet is probably attracting the iron in the cereal. Will you be able to pick up your box of breakfast cereal just by magnetic force alone? The body cannot use elemental iron, but the bodyâs stomach acid, Sure that cereal box looks great, buâ¦ • Breakfast cereal that contains iron, such as fortified cornflakes (check the label to see how much iron each serving contains—the more the better!) • Sheet of blank paper Stir the magnet through the cereal, especially at the bottom. • Plastic bowl or wide plastic cup (The more finely ground it is, One study measured the actual iron content of 29 breakfast cereals, and found that 21 contained 120 percent of the label value, and 8 contained 150 percent or more. • If you want to try to get more iron, carefully pour the cereal into the resealable plastic bag. How Can I Know the Iron Content in Cereals? Compare your findings with the nutrition facts labels on the boxes. Iron is a mineral that our bodies need to survive and grow, although too much iron can be harmful. â¢ 2-3 flake-type cereals, one of which is fortified with 100% DV (Daily Value) of iron, the other one or two with lesser percentages of iron â¢ Several magnets â¢ Several plastic or paper bowls 1. • Magnet (as strong as possible) Babies need a certain amount of iron in their diet for proper development, red blood cell production, and brain health. Cleanup What is iron, and why is it in cereal? Have you ever read the ingredients list on a box of cereal and wondered why iron is in there? • Resealable zip-top bag (optional) Iron helps blood transfer oxygen to different parts of the human body, which is used to provide muscles with energy. Scientific American is part of Springer Nature, which owns or has commercial relations with thousands of scientific publications (many of them can be found at, "Recycling Could Replace Mining for U.S. Iron Supply", What's in Your Wiener? Iron in Cereal - Special K Original Cereal Iron in Special K Original Cereal - 45%, Cereal. Whole grains are more nutrient-dense than refined grains because they contain the entire grain â bran, germ and endosperm. that remains on the magnet. Now you can graph the Percent Daily Value of Iron (%) versus the Amount of Iron per Gram of Cereal (mg/g). Most breakfast cereals are enriched with iron. This will turn off kids mode. (Iron sinks.) Sorta hard to digest a real HUNK of iron, now isn't it! This type of iron is less easily absorbed by the body and will require careful planning to get enough iron for your baby. Leave a comment below or share your photos and feedback on Scientific American's Facebook page. "It's Elemental: Iron" element overview from the Jefferson Lab particles of iron metal (called elemental iron or reduced iron) because elemental iron is stable in storage and does not affect the cerealâs flavor. What is iron, and why is it in cereal? 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